Journal articles

Please note that I do no longer publish with Elsevier. Most of my research will appear in open access journals in the future; articles can be downloaded from my ResearchGate profile: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Stefan_Goessling2 (registration necessary).

  1. Simonsen, M., Walnum, H.J. and Gössling, S. 2018. Model for estimation of fuel consumption of cruise ships. Energies 11, 1059, htttp://dx.doi.org/10.3390/en11051059.
  2. Gössling, S., Zeiss, H., Hall, C.M., Martin-Rios, C., Ram, Y. and Grotte, I.-P. 2018. A cross-country comparison of accommodation manager perspectives on online review manipulation. Current Issues in Tourism, http:/dx.doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2018.1455171.
  3. Choi, A.S., Gössling, S. and Ritchie, B.W. 2018. Flying with climate liability? Economic valuation of voluntary carbon offsets using forced choices. Transportation Research Part D, 62: 225-235, http:/dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2018.02.01810.1016/j.trd.2018.02.018
  4. Steen Jacobsen, J.Kr., Gössling, S., Dybbedal, P. and Skogheim, T.S. 2018. Exploring length of stay: International tourism in south-western Norway. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 35: 29-35, http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhtm.2018.02.00310.1016/j.jhtm.2018.02.003
  5. Gössling, S., Cohen, S., Higham, J., Peeters, P. and Eijgelaar, E. 2018. Desirable Transport Futures. Transportation Research Part D, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2018.01.008
  6. Gössling, S. 2018. ICT and transport behaviour: A conceptual review. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 12(3): 153-164. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15568318.2017.1338318
  7. Toubes, D.R., Gössling, S., Hall, C.M. and Scott, D. 2017. Vulnerability of coastal beach tourism to flooding: A case study of Galicia, Spain. Environments 4, 83; doi:10.3390/environments4040083
  8. Gössling, S., Lohmann, M., Grimm, B. and Scott, D. 2017. Leisure travel distribution patterns of Germans: Insights for climate policy. Case Studies In Transport Policy, 5(4): 596-603. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cstp.2017.10.001
  9. Gössling, S. 2017. Police perspectives on road safety and transport politics in Germany. Sustainability 9(10), 1771, http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/9/10/1771
  10. Hanna, P., Kantenbacher, J., Cohen, S. and Gössling S. 2017. Role model advocacy for sustainable transport. Transportation Research Part Dhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2017.07.028
  11. Gössling, S., Fichert, F. and Forsyth, P. 2017. Subsidies in aviation. Sustainability, 9(8), 1295, http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/9/8/1295
  12. Gössling, S. 2018. Tourism, tourist learning and sustainability: an exploratory discussion of complexities, problems and opportunities. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 26(2): 292-306. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2017.1349772
  13. Gössling, S. and Metzler, D. 2017. Germany's climate policy: Facing an automobile dilemma. Energy Policy, 105: 418-428. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2017.03.019
  14. Cohen, S.A., Hanna, P., and Gössling, S. 2017. The dark side of business travel: A media comments analysis. Transportation Research Part Dhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2017.01.004
  15. Gössling, S., Cohen, S.A., and Hares, A. 2016. Inside the black box: EU policy officers' perspectives on transport and climate change mitigation. Journal of Transport Geography, 57: 83-93. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2016.10.002
  16. Gössling, S. 2016. Urban transport justice. Journal of Transport Geography, 54, 1-9, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2016.05.002
  17. Scott, D., Hall, C.M. and Gössling, S. 2016. A report on the Paris Climate Change Agreement and its implications for tourism: why we will always have Paris. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24(7): 933-948. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2016.1187623
  18. Cohen, S.A., Higham, J., Gössling, S., Peeters, P. and Eijgelaar, E. 2016. Finding effective pathways to sustainable mobility: bridging the science-policy gap. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24(3): 317-334. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2015.1136637
  19. Gössling, S., Cohen, S. and Hibbert, J. 2016. Tourism as connectedness. Current Issues in Tourism, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2016.1157142
  20. Peeters, P., Higham, J., Kutzner, D., Cohen, S. and Gössling, S. 2016. Are technology myths stalling aviation climate policy? Transportation Research Part D, 44: 30-42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2016.02.004
  21. Dubois, G., Ceron, J.-P., Gössling, S. and Hall, C.M. 2016. Weather preferences of French tourists: lessons for climate change impact assessment. Climatic Change, 136(2): 339-351. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-016-1620-6 
  22. Gössling, S., Schröder, M., Späth, P., and Freytag, T. 2016. Urban space distribution and sustainable transport. Transport Reviews, 36(5): 659-679. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01441647.2016.1147101
  23. Gössling, S., Steiger, R. and Abegg, B. 2016. “It was raining all the time!”: Ex post tourist weather perceptions. Atmosphere, 7(1): 10. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/atmos7010010
  24. Gössling, S., Hall, C.M. and Andersson, A.-C. 2018. The Manager’s Dilemma: A conceptualization of online review manipulation strategies. Current Issues in Tourism, 21(5): 484-503. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2015.1127337
  25. Gössling, S. 2017. Internet technologies, tourism, and sustainability: an exploratory review. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 25(7): 1024-1041. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2015.1122017
  26. Gössling, S., Ring, A., Dwyer, L., Andersson, A.-C. and C.M. Hall. 2016. Optimizing or maximizing? A challenge to sustainable tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24(4): 549-548, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2015.1085869
  27. Scott, D., Gössling, S., Hall, C.M. and Peeters, P. 2016. Can tourism be part of the decarbonized global economy? The policy costs and risks of carbon reduction strategies. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24(1): 52-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2015.1107080
  28. Gössling, S. and Stavrinidi, I. 2016. Social networking, mobility, and the rise of liquid identities. Mobilities, 11(5): 723-743. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17450101.2015.1034453
  29. Cohen, S. and Gössling, S. 2015. A darker side of hypermobility. Environment and Planning A, 47(8): 166-179. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0308518X15597124
  30. Scott, D., Hall, C.M. and Gössling, S. 2016. A review of the IPCC Fifth Assessment and implications for tourism sector climate resilience and decarbonisation. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24(1): 8-30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2015.1062021
  31. Scott, D. and Gössling, S. 2015. What Do the Next 40 Years Hold? The Value of Scenarios in Tourism. Tourism Recreation Research, 40(3): 269-285. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02508281.2015.1075739
  32. Gössling, S. and Choi, A. 2015. Transport transitions in Copenhagen: Comparing the cost of cars and bicycles. Ecological Economics, 113: 106-113. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2015.03.006
  33. Gössling, S. and Peeters, P. 2015. Assessing tourism’s global environmental impact 1900-2050. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 23(5): 639-659. DOI:10.1080/09669582.2015.1008500
  34. Hall, C.M., Amelung, B., Cohen, S., Eijgelaar, E., Gössling, S., Higham, J., Leemans, R., Peeters, P., Ram, Y., Scott, D., Aall, C., Abegg, B., Araña, J.E., Barr, S., Becken, S., Buckley, R., Burns, P., Coles, T., Dawson, J., Doran, R., Dubois, G., Duval, D.T., Fennell, D., Gill, A.M., Gren, M., Gronau, W., Guiver, J., Hopkins, D., Huijbens, E.H., Koens, K., Lamers, M., Lemieux, C., Lew, A., Long, P., Melissen, F.W., Nawijn, J., Nicholls, S., Nilsson, J.-H., Nunkoo, R., Pomering, A., Reis, A.C., Reiser, D., Richardson, R.B., Rogerson, C.M., Saarinen, J., Sæþórsdóttir, A.D., Steiger, R., Upham, P., van der Linden, S., Visser, G., Wall, G., Weaver, D. 2015. No time for smokescreen skepticism: A rejoinder to Shani and Arad. Tourism Management, DOI: 10.1016/j.tourman.2014.08.008
  35. Hall, C.M., Amelung, B., Cohen, S., Eijgelaar, E., Gössling, S., Higham, J., Leemans, R., Peeters, P., Ram, Y., Scott, D., Aall, C., Abegg, B., Araña, J.E., Barr, S., Becken, S., Buckley, R., Burns, P., Coles, T., Dawson, J., Doran, R., Dubois, G., Duval, D.T., Fennell, D., Gill, A.M., Gren, M., Gronau, W., Guiver, J., Hopkins, D., Huijbens, E.H., Koens, K., Lamers, M., Lemieux, C., Lew, A., Long, P., Melissen, F.W., Nawijn, J., Nicholls, S., Nilsson, J.-H., Nunkoo, R., Pomering, A., Reis, A.C., Reiser, D., Richardson, R.B., Rogerson, C.M., Saarinen, J., Sæþórsdóttir, A.D., Steiger, R., Upham, P., van der Linden, S., Visser, G., Wall, G., Weaver, D. 2015. Denying bogus skepticism in climate change and tourism research. Tourism Management, DOI: 10.1016/j.tourman.2014.08.009
  36. Hall, C. M., Amelung, B., Cohen, S., Eijgelaar, E., Gössling, S., Higham, J., Leemans, R., Peeters, P., Ram, Y. and Scott, D. 2015. On climate change skepticism and denial in tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 23(1), 4-25. DOI:10.1080/09669582.2014.953544
  37. Gössling, S. and Buckley, R. 2015. Carbon labels in tourism: Persuasive communication? Journal of Cleaner Production, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.08.067
  38. Gössling, S. 2015. New key performance indicators for water management in tourism. Tourism Management 46: 233-244 doi:10.1016/j.tourman.2014.06.018
  39. Gössling, S. and Lane, B. 2015. Rural tourism and the development of Internet-based accommodation booking platforms: a study in the advantages, dangers and implications of innovation. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 23(8-9): 1386-1403. DOI:10.1080/09669582.2014.909448
  40. Gössling, S., Scott, D., and Hall, C.M. 2015. Inter-market variability in CO2 emission-intensities in tourism: Implications for destination marketing and carbon management. Tourism Management 46: 203-212 doi:10.1016/j.tourman.2014.06.021
  41. Gössling, S. and Cohen, S. 2014. Why sustainable transport policies will fail: European Union climate policy in the light of transport taboos. Journal of Transport Geography, 39:197-207 doi:10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2014.07.010
  42. Freytag, T., Gössling, S., and Mössner, S. 2014. Living the green city: Freiburg’s Solarsiedlung between narratives and practices of urban sustainable development. Local Environment, 19(6): 644-659 DOI:10.1080/13549839.2013.868872
  43. Gössling, S. 2013. Urban Transport Transitions: Copenhagen, City of Cyclists. Journal of Transport Geography, 33: 196-206 doi:10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2013.10.013
  44. Higham, J., Cohen, S.A., Peeters, P. and Gössling, S. 2013. Psychological and behavioural approaches to understanding and governing sustainable mobility. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 21(7): 949-967 DOI:10.1080/09669582.2013.828733
  45. Hibbert, J., Dickinson, J., Gössling, S. and Curtin, S. 2013. Identity and tourism mobility: an exploration of the attitude-behaviour gap. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 21(7): 999-1016 DOI:10.1080/09669582.2013.826232
  46. Gössling, S., Scott, D., and C.M. Hall 2013. Challenges of tourism in a low-carbon economy. WIRE Climate Change, 4(6): 525-538 DOI: 10.1002/wcc.243
  47. Gössling, S. 2013. National emissions from tourism: an overlooked policy challenge? Energy Policy 59: 433-442. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2013.03.058
  48. Hall, C.M., Scott, D., and Gössling, S. 2013. The Primacy of Climate Change for Sustainable International Tourism. Sustainable Development 21: 112-121. DOI: 10.1002/sd.1562
  49. Gössling, S. 2013. Advancing a Clinical Transport Psychology. Transportation Research Part F 19: 11-21. doi:10.1016/j.trf.2013.02.003
  50. Nilsson, J.H. and Gössling, S. 2013. Tourist responses to extreme environmental events: the case of Baltic Sea algal blooms. Tourism Planning and Development 10(1): 32-44. DOI:10.1080/21568316.2012.723037
  51. Hübner, A. and Gössling, S. 2012. Tourist perceptions of extreme weather events in Martinique. Journal of Destination Marketing and Management 1: 47-55. doi:10.1016/j.jdmm.2012.09.003
  52. Gössling, S., C. M. Hall, Ekström, F., Brudvik Engeset, A. and Aall, C. 2012. Transition management: a tool for implementing sustainable tourism scenarios? Journal of Sustainable Tourism 20(6): 899-916. DOI:10.1080/09669582.2012.699062
  53. Gössling, S. and Scott, D. 2012. Editorial. Scenario Planning for Sustainable Tourism: An Introduction. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 20(6): 773-778. DOI:10.1080/09669582.2012.699064
  54. Scott, D., Gössling, S. and Hall, C.M. 2012. International tourism and climate change. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 3(3): 213-232. DOI: 10.1002/wcc.165
  55. Gössling, S. and Freytag, T. 2012. Die Globalisierung des Tourismus in Europa aus der Perspektive des Klimawandels. Geographische Rundschau 64(3): 36-42.
  56. Gössling, S., D. Scott, C., Michael Hall, J.-P. Ceron and Dubois, G. 2012. Consumer behaviour and demand response of tourists to climate change. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(1): 36-58. doi:10.1016/j.annals.2011.11.002
  57. Gössling, S., Peeters, P., Hall, C.M., Dubois, G., Ceron, J.P., Lehmann, L., and Scott, D. 2012. Tourism and water use: supply, demand, and security. An international review. Tourism Management 33(1): 1-15. doi:10.1016/j.tourman.2011.03.015
  58. Gössling, S. and Schumacher, K. 2011. Conceptualizing the Survival Sector in Antananarivo, Madagascar. Antipode 44(2): 321-342. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8330.2010.00838.x
  59. Gössling, S., Garrod, B., Aall, C., Hille, J., and Peeters, P. 2011. Food management in tourism. Reducing tourism’s carbon ‘foodprint’. Tourism Management 32(3): 534-543. doi:10.1016/j.tourman.2010.04.006
  60. Hall, C.M., Scott, D. & Gössling, S. 2011, Forests, climate change and tourism. Journal of Heritage Tourism 6(4): 353-363. DOI:10.1080/1743873X.2011.620252
  61. Dubois, G., Ceron, J.-P., Peeters, P., and Gössling, S. 2011. The future tourism mobility of the world population: Emission growth versus climate policy. Transportation Research Part A 45: 1031-1042. doi:10.1016/j.tra.2009.11.004
  62. Andersen, O., Gössling, S., Simonsen, M., Walnum, H.J., Peeters, P., and Neiberger, C. 2010. CO2-emissions from the transport of China’s exported goods. Energy Policy 38: 5790-5798. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2010.05.030
  63. Gössling, S., Hall, C.M., Peeters, P., and Scott, D. 2010. The Future of Tourism: Can Tourism Growth and Climate Policy be Reconciled? A Climate Change Mitigation Perspective. Tourism Recreation Research 35(2): 119-130. DOI:10.1080/02508281.2010.11081628
  64. Gössling, S. and Schumacher, K. 2010. Implementing carbon neutral destination policies:  issues from the Seychelles. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 18(3), 377-391. DOI:10.1080/09669580903147944
  65. Scott, D., Peeters, P., and Gössling, S. 2010. Can tourism deliver its ‘aspirational’ emission reduction targets? Journal of Sustainable Tourism 18(3), 393-408. DOI:10.1080/09669581003653542
  66. Gössling, S. and Nilsson, J.H. 2010. Frequent Flyer Programmes and the Reproduction of Mobility. Environment and Planning A, 42: 241-252. doi:10.1068/a4282
  67. Gössling, S. 2009. Carbon neutral destinations: a conceptual analysis. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 17(1): 17-37. DOI:10.1080/09669580802276018
  68. Gössling, S., Hultman, J., Haglund, L, Källgren, H. And Revahl, M. 2009. Voluntary carbon offsetting by Swedish Air Travellers: Towards the Co-creation of Environmental Value? Current Issues in Tourism, 12(1): 1-19. DOI:10.1080/13683500802220687
  69. Scott, D. and Gössling, S. and de Freitas, C. 2008. Preferred climates for tourism: case studies from Canada, New Zealand and Sweden. Climate Research 38: 61-73. doi: 10.3354/cr00774
  70. Gössling, S., Peeters, P., and Scott, D. 2008. Consequences of climate policy for international tourist arrivals in developing countries. Third World Quarterly 29(5): 873-901. DOI:10.1080/01436590802106007
  71. Wolfsegger, C., Gössling, S. and Scott, D. 2008. Climate change risk appraisal in the Austrian Ski Industry. Tourism Review International 12: 13-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/154427208785899948
  72. Gössling, S. and Hall, C.M. 2008. Swedish tourism and climate change mitigation: An emerging conflict? Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism 8(2): 141-158. DOI:10.1080/15022250802079882
  73. Gössling, S. and Scott, D. (Guest Editors) 2008. Editorial: Climate Change and Tourism: Exploring Destination Vulnerability. Special Issue, Tourism Review International 12: 1-3. DOI:10.3727/154427208785899975
  74. Gössling, S., Hall, C.M., Lane, B. and Weaver, D. 2008. The Helsingborg Statement on Sustainable Tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 16(1), 122-124. DOI:10.2167/09669580809411813
  75. Gössling, S. and Peeters, P. 2007. “It does not harm the environment!” – An analysis of discourses on tourism, air travel and the environment. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 15(4): 402-417. DOI:10.2167/jost672.0
  76. Gössling, S., Broderick, J., Upham, P., Peeters, P., Strasdas, W., Ceron, J.-P. and Dubois, G. 2007. Voluntary carbon offsetting schemes for aviation: efficiency and credibility. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 15(3): 223-248. DOI:10.2167/jost758.0
  77. Peeters, P., Gössling, S. and Becken, S. 2007. Innovation towards tourism sustainability: climate change and aviation. International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development 1(3): 184-200. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJISD.2006.012421
  78. Gössling, S. and Hall, M. 2006. Uncertainties in predicting tourist travel flows: common ground and research needs. A reply to Bigano et al. Climatic Change 79(3-4): 181-183. DOI:10.1007/s10584-006-9191-6
  79. Gössling, S. and Hall, M. 2006. Uncertainties in predicting tourist travel flows under scenarios of climate change. Editorial Essay. Climatic Change 79(3-4): 163-173. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-006-9081-y
  80. Gössling, S. 2006. Towards Sustainable Tourism in the Western Indian Ocean. Western Indian Journal of Marine Science 5(1): 55-70.
  81. Gössling, S., Bredberg, M., Randow, A., Svensson, P. and Swedlin, E. 2006. Tourist perceptions of climate change: a study of international tourists in Zanzibar. Current Issues in Tourism 9(4-5): 419-435. DOI:10.2167/cit265.0
  82. Gössling, S., Peeters, P., Ceron, J.-P., Dubois, G., Pattersson, T., and Richardson, R. 2005. The eco-efficiency of tourism. Ecological Economics 54(4): 417-434. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2004.10.006
  83. Gössling, S. and Schulz, U. 2005. Tourism-Related Migration in Zanzibar, Tanzania. Tourism Geographies 7(1): 43-62. DOI:10.1080/1461668042000324058
  84. Gössling, S., Kunkel, T., Schumacher, K., Birkemeyer, J., Froese, J., Heck, N., Naber, N. and Schliermann, E. 2005. A target-group specific approach to 'green' power retailing: students as consumers of renewable energy. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews 9 (1): 69-83. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2004.01.005
  85. Gössling, S., Kunkel, T., Schumacher, K. and Zilger, M. 2004. Use of molluscs, fish and other marine taxa by tourism in Zanzibar, Tanzania. Biodiversity & Conservation 13(12): 2623-2639. Article
  86. Gössling, S., Schumacher, K., Morelle, M., Berger, R. and Heck, N. 2004. Tourism and Street Children in Antananarivo, Madagascar. Hospitality & Tourism Research 5(2): 131-149. doi:10.1057/palgrave.thr.6040012
  87. Gössling, S. 2003. Market integration and ecosystem degradation: is sustainable tourism development in rural communities a contradiction in terms? Environment, Development and Sustainability 4(3-4): 383-400. Article
  88. Gössling, S. 2002. Funds for Biodiversity. Environmental Conservation 29(4): 411-413. DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0376892902000309
  89. Gössling, S., Borgström-Hansson, C., Hörstmeier, O. and Saggel, S. 2002. Ecological Footprint Analysis as a Tool to Assess Tourism Sustainability. Ecological Economics 43(2-3): 199-211. doi:10.1016/S0921-8009(02)00211-2
  90. Gössling, S. 2002. Global environmental consequences of tourism. Global Environmental Change 12(4): 283-302. doi:10.1016/S0959-3780(02)00044-4
  91. Gössling, S. and Mattsson, S. 2002. Farm tourism in Sweden. Structure, Growth, Characteristics. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism 2(1): 17-30. DOI:10.1080/150222502760347518
  92. Gössling, S. 2002. Causes and Consequences of Groundwater Use: Zanzibar, Tanzania. International Journal of Water 2(2): 49-56.
  93. Gössling, S. 2002. Human-environmental relations with tourism. Annals of Tourism Research 29(4): 539-556. doi:10.1016/S0160-7383(01)00069-X
  94. Gössling, S. 2001. Tourismus, Biodiversität und Schutzgebiete. Tourismus Journal 5(2): 209-226.
  95. Gössling, S. 2001. Tourismus und Entwicklung – das Beispiel des Dorfes Kiwengwa auf Sansibar. Geographische Rundschau 53(11): 54-59.
  96. Gössling, S. 2001. Tourism, Environmental Degradation and Economic Transition: Interacting Processes in a Tanzanian Coastal Community. Tourism Geographies 3(4), 230-254.
  97. Gössling, S. 2001. The consequences of tourism for sustainable water use on a tropical island: Zanzibar, Tanzania. Journal of Environmental Management 61(2): 179-191. doi:10.1006/jema.2000.0403
  98. Gössling, S. 2000. Sustainable tourism development in developing countries: some aspects of energy-use. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 8(5): 410-425. DOI:10.1080/09669580008667376
  99. Gössling, S. 2000. Tourism Development in Sri Lanka: The Case of Ethukala and Unawatuna. Tourism Recreation Research 25(3): 103-114. DOI:10.1080/02508281.2000.11014929
  100. Gössling, S. 2000. Tourism – sustainable development option? Environmental Conservation 27(2): 223-224. DOI:http://dx.doi.org/
  101. Gössling, S. 1999. Ecotourism - a means to safeguard biodiversity and ecosystem functions? Ecological Economics 29: 303-320. doi:10.1016/S0921-8009(99)00012-9 (Reprinted in: Martinez-Alier, J. and Røpke, I. (2008) Recent Developments in Ecological Economics. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham.)
  102. Bach, W. und S. Gössling 1996. Klimaökologische Auswirkungen des Flugverkehrs, Geographische Rundschau 48: 54-59.